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A climbing on a Eucalyptus

Freycinetia arborea, Ie, is a densely branched, brittle, woody climber in the family Pandanaceae, endemic to the Pacific Islands. Ie is found in moist forest on the Hawaiian, Marquesas, Austral, Society, and Cook Islands. It grows into the forest canopy, attaching itself to a host tree using aerial roots.<ref name="NTBG">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It may also grow as a sprawling tangle on the forest floor.<ref name="Bishop">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The shiny green leaves have pointed ends and are spiny on the lower side of the midrib and along the edges.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }} Cited by Schmidt RJ in BoDD – Botanical Dermatology Database under Freycinetia arborea</ref> Leaves measure {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} long and {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} wide, and are spirally arranged around the ends of branches. Flowers form on spike-like inflorescences at the end of branches, and are either staminate or pistillate. Staminate spikes are yellowish-white and up to {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} in length. Pistillate spikes are {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} but elongate to {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} once fruit are produced. Three to four spikes are surrounded by orange-salmon bracts. Fruit is {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} long and contains many {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} seeds.<ref name="NTBG" /> The bracts and fruit of the were a favorite food of the [[ʻŌʻū|ōū]] (Psittirostra psittacea), an extinct Hawaiian honeycreeper that was formerly a principal seed dispersal vector for plants with small seeded, fleshy fruits in low elevation forests.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is also a favored food of the [[ʻAlala|ā]] (Corvus hawaiiensis), which is currently extinct in the wild.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>


Freycinetia arborea sections
Intro  Uses  See also  References  

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{{#invoke:Italic title|main}}

A climbing on a Eucalyptus

Freycinetia arborea, Ie, is a densely branched, brittle, woody climber in the family Pandanaceae, endemic to the Pacific Islands. Ie is found in moist forest on the Hawaiian, Marquesas, Austral, Society, and Cook Islands. It grows into the forest canopy, attaching itself to a host tree using aerial roots.<ref name="NTBG">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It may also grow as a sprawling tangle on the forest floor.<ref name="Bishop">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The shiny green leaves have pointed ends and are spiny on the lower side of the midrib and along the edges.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }} Cited by Schmidt RJ in BoDD – Botanical Dermatology Database under Freycinetia arborea</ref> Leaves measure {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} long and {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} wide, and are spirally arranged around the ends of branches. Flowers form on spike-like inflorescences at the end of branches, and are either staminate or pistillate. Staminate spikes are yellowish-white and up to {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} in length. Pistillate spikes are {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} but elongate to {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} once fruit are produced. Three to four spikes are surrounded by orange-salmon bracts. Fruit is {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} long and contains many {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} seeds.<ref name="NTBG" /> The bracts and fruit of the were a favorite food of the [[ʻŌʻū|ōū]] (Psittirostra psittacea), an extinct Hawaiian honeycreeper that was formerly a principal seed dispersal vector for plants with small seeded, fleshy fruits in low elevation forests.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is also a favored food of the [[ʻAlala|ā]] (Corvus hawaiiensis), which is currently extinct in the wild.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>


Freycinetia arborea sections
Intro  Uses  See also  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Uses
<<>>