::'Uzayr in Islam



Site traditionally described as the tomb of Ezra at Al Uzayr near Basra.

Uzayr - most often identified with the Judeo-Christian Ezra (عزير{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, 'Uzair) - is a figure mentioned in the Qur'an, in the verse 9:30, which states that he was revered by the Jews as "the son of God". Jews do not agree on that statement.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>Is Ezra ‘a son’ or ‘the Son’ of God?</ref> Historically, Muslim scholars have interpreted this verse as referring to a small group of Jews making such a reverence.<ref name="EoI">Encyclopedia of Islam, Uzayr</ref>{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Request quotation |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[need quotation to verify] }}

Ezra lived between the times of King Solomon and the time of Zachariah, father of John the Baptist. Although not explicitly mentioned in the Quran among the prophets, Ezra is considered as one by some Muslim scholars, based on Islamic traditions.<ref name="shahid">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }} </ref><ref name="kathir">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} </ref> On the other hand, Muslim scholars such as Mutahhar al-Maqdisi and Djuwayni and notably Ibn Hazm and al-Samaw'al accused Ezra (or one of his disciples) of falsification of the Torah.<ref name="EoI"/> Several sources state that the Qur'an refers to Jews who began to call Ezra a "son of God" due to his religious achievements.<ref name=""></ref>

Gordon Darnell Newby<ref name=""></ref> states it may due to misunderstanding of Ezra's position in the Jewish faith as a Bene Elohim. Other Western scholars,{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Who |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[who?] }} relying on exegetical material from Ibn Abbas and Ibn Qutaybah, consider Uzair not to be Ezra but Azariah, mentioned in the Book of Daniel as Abednego.<ref name="ESDRAS EST-IL LE FILS DE DIEU ?">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} </ref>{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Verify source |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[verification needed] }}{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[dead link] }}

'Uzayr in Islam sections