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Nagaland {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} is a state in Northeast India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Burma to the east and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. It has an area of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} with a population of 1,980,602 per the 2011 Census of India, making it one of the smallest states of India.<ref name=coiprov>Census of India 2011 Govt of India</ref>

The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes - Ao, Angami, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sumi, Chakhesang, Khiamniungan, Dimasa Kachari, Phom, Rengma, Sangtam, Yimchunger, Thadou, Kuki, Zeme-Liangmai (Zeliang) and Pochury as well as a number of sub-tribes.<ref name=pn/> Each tribe is unique in character with its own distinct customs, language and dress.<ref name=undp>Nagaland - State Human Development Report United Nations Development Programme (2005)</ref> Two threads common to all, are language and religion - English is in predominant use. Nagaland is one of three states in India where the population is mostly Christian.<ref name=censusreligion>Population by religious communities Census of India, 2001, Govt of India</ref><ref>Gordon Pruett, Christianity, history, and culture in Nagaland, Indian Sociology, January 1974, vol. 8, no. 1, pp 51-65</ref>

Nagaland became the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963. Agriculture is the most important economic activity and the principal crops include rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes, and fibers. Other significant economic activity includes forestry, tourism, insurance, real estate, and miscellaneous cottage industries. The state has experienced insurgency as well as inter-ethnic conflict since the 1950s. The violence and insecurity have long limited Nagaland's economic development, because it had to commit its scarce resources on law, order and security.<ref name=cc1>Charles Chasie (2005), Nagaland in Transition, India International Centre Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 2/3, Where the Sun Rises When Shadows Fall: The North-east (MONSOON-WINTER 2005), pp. 253-264</ref><ref name=cc2>Charles Chasie, Nagaland, Institute of Developing Economies (2008)</ref> In the last 15 years, the state has seen less violence and annual economic growth rates nearing 10% on a compounded basis, one of the fastest in the region.<ref name=ibef/>

The state is mostly mountainous except those areas bordering Assam valley. Mount Saramati is the highest peak with a height of 3,840 metres and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Burma.<ref>C.V. Prakash (2006), Encyclopedia of Northeast India, Vol. 5, Atlantic Publishers, ISBN 978-8126907076, pp. 2180-2181</ref> It lies between the parallels of 98-degrees and 96-degrees east longitude and 26.6-degrees and 27.4-degrees latitude north of the equator. The state is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna; it has been suggested as the "falcon capital of the world".<ref name=amur>Nagaland declared ‘Falcon capital of the World’ Assam Tribune (26 November 2013)</ref>


Nagaland sections
Intro  History  Geography  Demographics  Government  Economy  Transportation infrastructure  Culture  Newspapers  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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Nagaland {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} is a state in Northeast India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Burma to the east and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. It has an area of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} with a population of 1,980,602 per the 2011 Census of India, making it one of the smallest states of India.<ref name=coiprov>Census of India 2011 Govt of India</ref>

The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes - Ao, Angami, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sumi, Chakhesang, Khiamniungan, Dimasa Kachari, Phom, Rengma, Sangtam, Yimchunger, Thadou, Kuki, Zeme-Liangmai (Zeliang) and Pochury as well as a number of sub-tribes.<ref name=pn/> Each tribe is unique in character with its own distinct customs, language and dress.<ref name=undp>Nagaland - State Human Development Report United Nations Development Programme (2005)</ref> Two threads common to all, are language and religion - English is in predominant use. Nagaland is one of three states in India where the population is mostly Christian.<ref name=censusreligion>Population by religious communities Census of India, 2001, Govt of India</ref><ref>Gordon Pruett, Christianity, history, and culture in Nagaland, Indian Sociology, January 1974, vol. 8, no. 1, pp 51-65</ref>

Nagaland became the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963. Agriculture is the most important economic activity and the principal crops include rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes, and fibers. Other significant economic activity includes forestry, tourism, insurance, real estate, and miscellaneous cottage industries. The state has experienced insurgency as well as inter-ethnic conflict since the 1950s. The violence and insecurity have long limited Nagaland's economic development, because it had to commit its scarce resources on law, order and security.<ref name=cc1>Charles Chasie (2005), Nagaland in Transition, India International Centre Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 2/3, Where the Sun Rises When Shadows Fall: The North-east (MONSOON-WINTER 2005), pp. 253-264</ref><ref name=cc2>Charles Chasie, Nagaland, Institute of Developing Economies (2008)</ref> In the last 15 years, the state has seen less violence and annual economic growth rates nearing 10% on a compounded basis, one of the fastest in the region.<ref name=ibef/>

The state is mostly mountainous except those areas bordering Assam valley. Mount Saramati is the highest peak with a height of 3,840 metres and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Burma.<ref>C.V. Prakash (2006), Encyclopedia of Northeast India, Vol. 5, Atlantic Publishers, ISBN 978-8126907076, pp. 2180-2181</ref> It lies between the parallels of 98-degrees and 96-degrees east longitude and 26.6-degrees and 27.4-degrees latitude north of the equator. The state is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna; it has been suggested as the "falcon capital of the world".<ref name=amur>Nagaland declared ‘Falcon capital of the World’ Assam Tribune (26 November 2013)</ref>


Nagaland sections
Intro  History  Geography  Demographics  Government  Economy  Transportation infrastructure  Culture  Newspapers  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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