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Abhidharma (Sanskrit) or Abhidhamma (Pali) are ancient (3rd century BCE and later) Buddhist texts which contain detailed scholastic reworkings of doctrinal material appearing in the Buddhist sutras, according to schematic classifications. The Abhidhamma works do not contain systematic philosophical treatises, but summaries or abstract and systematic lists.<ref name="Abhidhamma Pitaka 2008">"Abhidhamma Pitaka." Encyclopædia Britannica. Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2008.</ref>

According to Collett Cox, Abhidhamma started as an elaboration of the teachings of the suttas, but later developed independent doctrines.<ref>Cox 2003, pp. 1-7</ref>

The literal translation of the term Abhidharma is unclear. Two possibilities are most commonly given:

  1. abhi - higher or special + dharma- teaching, philosophy, thus making Abhidharma the "higher teachings"
  2. abhi - about + dharma of the teaching, translating it instead as "about the teaching" or even "metateaching".

In the West, the Abhidhamma has generally been considered the core of what is referred to as "Buddhist Psychology".<ref>See, for instance, Rhys Davids (1900), Trungpa (1975) and Goleman (2004).</ref>


Abhidharma sections
Intro  Origin  Therav\u0101da Abhidhamma  Mah\u0101s\u0101\u1e43ghika Abhidharma  Dharmaguptaka Abhidharma   Sarv\u0101stiv\u0101da Abhidharma   Mah\u0101y\u0101na Yog\u0101c\u0101ra Abhidharma  East Asian and Tibetan Abhidharma   See also   References   Sources    Further reading    External links   

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  1. REDIRECT

Abhidharma (Sanskrit) or Abhidhamma (Pali) are ancient (3rd century BCE and later) Buddhist texts which contain detailed scholastic reworkings of doctrinal material appearing in the Buddhist sutras, according to schematic classifications. The Abhidhamma works do not contain systematic philosophical treatises, but summaries or abstract and systematic lists.<ref name="Abhidhamma Pitaka 2008">"Abhidhamma Pitaka." Encyclopædia Britannica. Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2008.</ref>

According to Collett Cox, Abhidhamma started as an elaboration of the teachings of the suttas, but later developed independent doctrines.<ref>Cox 2003, pp. 1-7</ref>

The literal translation of the term Abhidharma is unclear. Two possibilities are most commonly given:

  1. abhi - higher or special + dharma- teaching, philosophy, thus making Abhidharma the "higher teachings"
  2. abhi - about + dharma of the teaching, translating it instead as "about the teaching" or even "metateaching".

In the West, the Abhidhamma has generally been considered the core of what is referred to as "Buddhist Psychology".<ref>See, for instance, Rhys Davids (1900), Trungpa (1975) and Goleman (2004).</ref>


Abhidharma sections
Intro  Origin  Therav\u0101da Abhidhamma  Mah\u0101s\u0101\u1e43ghika Abhidharma  Dharmaguptaka Abhidharma   Sarv\u0101stiv\u0101da Abhidharma   Mah\u0101y\u0101na Yog\u0101c\u0101ra Abhidharma  East Asian and Tibetan Abhidharma   See also   References   Sources    Further reading    External links   

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Origin
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