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The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawai{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, pronounced [ʔoːˈlɛlo həˈvɐiʔi])<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> is a Polynesian language that takes its name from [[Hawaii (island)|Hawai]], the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed. Hawaiian, along with English, is an official language of the state of Hawaii. King Kamehameha III established the first Hawaiian-language constitution in 1839 and 1840.

For various reasons, including territorial legislation establishing English as the official language in schools, the number of native speakers of Hawaiian gradually decreased during the period from the 1830s to the 1950s. Hawaiian was essentially displaced by English on six of seven inhabited islands. In 2001, native speakers of Hawaiian amounted to under 0.1% of the statewide population. Linguists are worried about the fate of this and other endangered languages.<ref>see e.g. {{#invoke:Footnotes | harvard_core }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Nevertheless, from circa 1949 to the present day, there has been a gradual increase in attention to and promotion of the language. Public Hawaiian-language immersion preschools called Pūnana Leo were started in 1984; other immersion schools followed soon after. The first students to start in immersion preschool have now graduated from college and many are fluent Hawaiian speakers. The federal government has acknowledged this development. For example, the Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 changed the names of several national parks in Hawai, observing the Hawaiian spelling.<ref>Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 (S.939)</ref>

A pidgin or creole language spoken in Hawai is Hawaiian Pidgin (or Hawaii Creole English, HCE). It should not be mistaken for the Hawaiian language nor for a dialect of English.

The Hawaiian alphabet has 13 letters: five vowels (long and short) and eight consonants, one of them being a glottal stop (called [[ʻokina|]]{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} in Hawaiian).


Hawaiian language sections
Intro  Name  Family and origin  History  Phonology  Grammar  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawai{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, pronounced [ʔoːˈlɛlo həˈvɐiʔi])<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> is a Polynesian language that takes its name from [[Hawaii (island)|Hawai]], the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed. Hawaiian, along with English, is an official language of the state of Hawaii. King Kamehameha III established the first Hawaiian-language constitution in 1839 and 1840.

For various reasons, including territorial legislation establishing English as the official language in schools, the number of native speakers of Hawaiian gradually decreased during the period from the 1830s to the 1950s. Hawaiian was essentially displaced by English on six of seven inhabited islands. In 2001, native speakers of Hawaiian amounted to under 0.1% of the statewide population. Linguists are worried about the fate of this and other endangered languages.<ref>see e.g. {{#invoke:Footnotes | harvard_core }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Nevertheless, from circa 1949 to the present day, there has been a gradual increase in attention to and promotion of the language. Public Hawaiian-language immersion preschools called Pūnana Leo were started in 1984; other immersion schools followed soon after. The first students to start in immersion preschool have now graduated from college and many are fluent Hawaiian speakers. The federal government has acknowledged this development. For example, the Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 changed the names of several national parks in Hawai, observing the Hawaiian spelling.<ref>Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 (S.939)</ref>

A pidgin or creole language spoken in Hawai is Hawaiian Pidgin (or Hawaii Creole English, HCE). It should not be mistaken for the Hawaiian language nor for a dialect of English.

The Hawaiian alphabet has 13 letters: five vowels (long and short) and eight consonants, one of them being a glottal stop (called [[ʻokina|]]{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} in Hawaiian).


Hawaiian language sections
Intro  Name  Family and origin  History  Phonology  Grammar  See also  Notes  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Name
<<>>