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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} "Live Free or Die" is the official motto of the U.S. state of New Hampshire, adopted by the state in 1945.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is possibly the best-known of all state mottos, partly because it speaks to an assertive independence historically found in American political philosophy and partly because of its contrast to the milder sentiments found in other state mottos.

The phrase comes from a toast written by General John Stark, New Hampshire's most famous soldier of the American Revolutionary War, on July 31, 1809. Poor health forced Stark to decline an invitation to an anniversary reunion of the Battle of Bennington. Instead, he sent his toast by letter:

Live free or die: Death is not the worst of evils.

Stark may not have been the original author of the phrase. Vivre Libre ou Mourir ("Live free or die") was a popular motto of the French Revolution, which the politician Antoine Barnave had engraved on his buttons.<ref>Simon Schama. Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution. New York: Vintage Books, 1989. p. 557</ref>

The motto was enacted at the same time as the New Hampshire state emblem, on which it appears.<ref name="State of New Hampshire General Court">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} "Live Free or Die" is the official motto of the U.S. state of New Hampshire, adopted by the state in 1945.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is possibly the best-known of all state mottos, partly because it speaks to an assertive independence historically found in American political philosophy and partly because of its contrast to the milder sentiments found in other state mottos.

The phrase comes from a toast written by General John Stark, New Hampshire's most famous soldier of the American Revolutionary War, on July 31, 1809. Poor health forced Stark to decline an invitation to an anniversary reunion of the Battle of Bennington. Instead, he sent his toast by letter:

Live free or die: Death is not the worst of evils.

Stark may not have been the original author of the phrase. Vivre Libre ou Mourir ("Live free or die") was a popular motto of the French Revolution, which the politician Antoine Barnave had engraved on his buttons.<ref>Simon Schama. Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution. New York: Vintage Books, 1989. p. 557</ref>

The motto was enacted at the same time as the New Hampshire state emblem, on which it appears.<ref name="State of New Hampshire General Court">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Live Free or Die sections
Intro  Legal battle  Similar mottos  Other uses  See also  References   External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Legal battle
<<>>