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Matthias Stom, Esau [right] selling his birthright to Jacob or The Lentil Stew, 17th century

Esau ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Hebrew:

  1. REDIRECT ; Standard Hebrew: Esav; Tiberian Hebrew: ʿĒśāw; ISO 259-3 ʕeśaw; Greek: Ἡσαῦ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Hēsau; Arabic: عِيسُو‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ‘Īsaw; meaning "Hairy"<ref name = "Easton, 236">Easton, M. Illustrated Bible Dictionary, (ISBN 1596059478, ISBN 978-1-59605-947-4 ), 2006, p.236</ref> or "Rough"),<ref name="Mandel, 175">Mandel, D. The Ultimate Who's Who in the Bible, (ISBN 0882703722, ISBN 978-0-88270-372-5), 2007, p. 175</ref> in the Jewish Bible, is the older son of Isaac. He is mentioned in the Book of Genesis,<ref>
  2. REDIRECT</ref> and by the prophets, Obadiah<ref></ref> and Malachi.<ref></ref> The New Testament of the Christian Bible alludes to him in St Paul's Letter to the Romans<ref>Romans 9:13</ref> and in the Letter to the Hebrews.<ref>Hebrews 11:20,12:16</ref>

Esau is the progenitor of the Edomites and the elder twin brother of Jacob, the patriarch of the Israelites.<ref name="oxford">Metzger & Coogan (1993). Oxford Companion to the Bible, pp. 191–2.</ref> Esau and Jacob were the sons of Isaac and Rebekah, and the grandsons of Abraham and Sarah. Of the twins, Esau was the first to be born with Jacob following, holding his heel (the Hebrew name Yaacov meaning "Heel-holder"). Isaac was sixty years old and Rebekah is believed to have been younger when the boys were born. The grandfather Abraham was still alive, being 160 years old at that time.

Esau, a "man of the field" became a hunter<ref name = "Easton, 236"/> who had "rough"<ref name="Mandel, 175"/> qualities that distinguished him from his twin brother. Jacob was a shy or simple man, depending on the translation of the Hebrew word "Tam" (which also means "relatively perfect man").<ref name="oxford"/> Throughout Genesis, Esau is frequently shown as being supplanted by his younger twin Jacob (Israel).<ref name = "Harper, 40">Attridge & Meeks. The Harper Collins Study Bible, (ISBN 0060786841, ISBN 978-0-06-078684-7 ), 2006, p. 40</ref>


Esau sections
Intro  Esau in Genesis  Death   Other references    Jewish tradition    Reputed grave on the West Bank    References   

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Matthias Stom, Esau [right] selling his birthright to Jacob or The Lentil Stew, 17th century

Esau ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Hebrew:

  1. REDIRECT ; Standard Hebrew: Esav; Tiberian Hebrew: ʿĒśāw; ISO 259-3 ʕeśaw; Greek: Ἡσαῦ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Hēsau; Arabic: عِيسُو‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ‘Īsaw; meaning "Hairy"<ref name = "Easton, 236">Easton, M. Illustrated Bible Dictionary, (ISBN 1596059478, ISBN 978-1-59605-947-4 ), 2006, p.236</ref> or "Rough"),<ref name="Mandel, 175">Mandel, D. The Ultimate Who's Who in the Bible, (ISBN 0882703722, ISBN 978-0-88270-372-5), 2007, p. 175</ref> in the Jewish Bible, is the older son of Isaac. He is mentioned in the Book of Genesis,<ref>
  2. REDIRECT</ref> and by the prophets, Obadiah<ref></ref> and Malachi.<ref></ref> The New Testament of the Christian Bible alludes to him in St Paul's Letter to the Romans<ref>Romans 9:13</ref> and in the Letter to the Hebrews.<ref>Hebrews 11:20,12:16</ref>

Esau is the progenitor of the Edomites and the elder twin brother of Jacob, the patriarch of the Israelites.<ref name="oxford">Metzger & Coogan (1993). Oxford Companion to the Bible, pp. 191–2.</ref> Esau and Jacob were the sons of Isaac and Rebekah, and the grandsons of Abraham and Sarah. Of the twins, Esau was the first to be born with Jacob following, holding his heel (the Hebrew name Yaacov meaning "Heel-holder"). Isaac was sixty years old and Rebekah is believed to have been younger when the boys were born. The grandfather Abraham was still alive, being 160 years old at that time.

Esau, a "man of the field" became a hunter<ref name = "Easton, 236"/> who had "rough"<ref name="Mandel, 175"/> qualities that distinguished him from his twin brother. Jacob was a shy or simple man, depending on the translation of the Hebrew word "Tam" (which also means "relatively perfect man").<ref name="oxford"/> Throughout Genesis, Esau is frequently shown as being supplanted by his younger twin Jacob (Israel).<ref name = "Harper, 40">Attridge & Meeks. The Harper Collins Study Bible, (ISBN 0060786841, ISBN 978-0-06-078684-7 ), 2006, p. 40</ref>


Esau sections
Intro  Esau in Genesis  Death   Other references    Jewish tradition    Reputed grave on the West Bank    References   

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Esau in Genesis
<<>>