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Elyon (Biblical Hebrew עליון{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Masoretic ʿElyōn{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; traditionally rendered in Samaritan as illiyyon{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}) is an epithet of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible. ʾĒl ʿElyōn{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} is usually rendered in English as "God Most High", and similarly in the Septuagint as "Ο ΘΕΟΣ Ο ΥΨΙΣΤΟΣ" ("God the highest").

The critical scholar and Reform rabbi Abraham Geiger asserted that Elyōn was a word of late origin, dating it to the time of the Maccabees. However, its use in the Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra, Syria) tablets has proven it to be pre-Mosaic (Hertz 1936).

The term also has mundane uses, such as "upper" (where the ending in both roots is a locative, not superlative or comparative), "top", or "uppermost", referring simply to the position of objects (e.g. applied to a basket in Genesis 40.17 or to a chamber in Ezekiel 42.5).


Elyon sections
Intro  Elyon in Ugaritic: Contrary view  Hebrew Bible  Non-Biblical use  See also  Contemporary usage  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Elyon in Ugaritic: Contrary view
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Elyon (Biblical Hebrew עליון{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Masoretic ʿElyōn{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; traditionally rendered in Samaritan as illiyyon{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}) is an epithet of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible. ʾĒl ʿElyōn{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} is usually rendered in English as "God Most High", and similarly in the Septuagint as "Ο ΘΕΟΣ Ο ΥΨΙΣΤΟΣ" ("God the highest").

The critical scholar and Reform rabbi Abraham Geiger asserted that Elyōn was a word of late origin, dating it to the time of the Maccabees. However, its use in the Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra, Syria) tablets has proven it to be pre-Mosaic (Hertz 1936).

The term also has mundane uses, such as "upper" (where the ending in both roots is a locative, not superlative or comparative), "top", or "uppermost", referring simply to the position of objects (e.g. applied to a basket in Genesis 40.17 or to a chamber in Ezekiel 42.5).


Elyon sections
Intro  Elyon in Ugaritic: Contrary view  Hebrew Bible  Non-Biblical use  See also  Contemporary usage  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Elyon in Ugaritic: Contrary view
<<>>