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Aliyah ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Hebrew: aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew, and also called Palestine). Also defined as "the act of going up" or as in progressing towards Jerusalem, Aliyah is one of the most basic tenets of Zionism. The opposite action, emigration from Israel, is referred to as yerida ("descent").<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The concept of Aliyah (return) to the Holy Land was first developed in Jewish history during the Babylonian exile. During the Jewish diaspora, Aliyah was developed as a national aspiration for the Jewish people, although it was not usually fulfilled until the development of the Zionist movement in the late nineteenth century. Large-scale immigration to Palestine began in 1882.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, more than 3 million Jews from over 90 countries have 'made Aliyah' and arrived in Israel.<ref name=independence>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Throughout much of Jewish history, most Jews have lived in the Diaspora. Today, the world's Jewish population is mostly concentrated in two countries: the United States and Israel.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>


Aliyah sections
Intro  Historical overview   Etymology    Religious, ideological and cultural concept   Historical background  Pre-Zionist Aliyah  Zionist Aliyah (1882 on)   Statistics   See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Lead too short |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}}

Aliyah ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Hebrew: aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew, and also called Palestine). Also defined as "the act of going up" or as in progressing towards Jerusalem, Aliyah is one of the most basic tenets of Zionism. The opposite action, emigration from Israel, is referred to as yerida ("descent").<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The concept of Aliyah (return) to the Holy Land was first developed in Jewish history during the Babylonian exile. During the Jewish diaspora, Aliyah was developed as a national aspiration for the Jewish people, although it was not usually fulfilled until the development of the Zionist movement in the late nineteenth century. Large-scale immigration to Palestine began in 1882.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, more than 3 million Jews from over 90 countries have 'made Aliyah' and arrived in Israel.<ref name=independence>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Throughout much of Jewish history, most Jews have lived in the Diaspora. Today, the world's Jewish population is mostly concentrated in two countries: the United States and Israel.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>


Aliyah sections
Intro  Historical overview   Etymology    Religious, ideological and cultural concept   Historical background  Pre-Zionist Aliyah  Zionist Aliyah (1882 on)   Statistics   See also  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Historical overview
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