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‘Ā’ishah bint Abī Bakr (613/614 – 678 CE;<ref name=Siddiqui/> Arabic: عائشة‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} transliteration: ‘Ā’ishah [ʕaːʔiʃa], also transcribed as A'ishah, Aisyah, Ayesha, A'isha, Aishat, Aishah, or Aisha {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}<ref>"Aisha". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.</ref>) was one of Muhammad's wives.<ref name=spellberg3>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> In Islamic writings, her name is thus often prefixed by the title "Mother of the Believers" (Arabic: أمّ المؤمنين umm al-mu'minīn), per the description of Muhammad's wives in the Qur'an.<ref></ref><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name="Nabia"/>

Aisha had an important role in early Islamic history, both during Muhammad's life and after his death. In Sunni tradition, Aisha is thought to be scholarly and inquisitive. She contributed to the spread of Muhammad's message and served the Muslim community for 44 years after his death.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> She is also known for narrating 2210 hadiths,<ref>Islamyat: a core text for students</ref> not just on matters related to the Prophet's private life, but also on topics such as inheritance, pilgrimage, and eschatology.<ref name=Asma>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Her intellect and knowledge in various subjects, including poetry and medicine, were highly praised by early luminaries such as al-Zuhri and her student Urwa ibn al-Zubayr.<ref name=Asma />

Her father, Abu Bakr, became the first caliph to succeed Muhammad, and after two years was succeeded by Umar. During the time of the third caliph Uthman, Aisha had a leading part in the opposition that grew against him, though she did not agree either with those responsible for his assassination nor with the party of Ali.<ref name="Watt"/> During the reign of Ali, she wanted to avenge Uthman's death, which she attempted to do in the Battle of the Camel. She participated in the battle by giving speeches and leading troops on the back of her camel. She ended up losing the battle, but her involvement and determination left a lasting impression.<ref name="Nabia">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> Afterwards, she lived quietly in Medina for more than twenty years, took no part in politics, and became reconciled to Ali and did not oppose Mu'awiya.<ref name="Watt"/>

The majority of traditional hadith sources state that Aisha was married to Muhammad at the age of six or seven, but she stayed in her parents' home until the age of nine, or ten according to Ibn Hisham,<ref name=spellberg40>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> when the marriage was consummated with Muhammad, then 53, in Medina.<ref name=armstrong157>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name="ReferenceA">Sahih al-Bukhari, 5:58:234, 5:58:236, 7:62:64, 7:62:65, 7:62:88, Sahih Muslim, 8:3309, 8:3310, 8:3311, 41:4915, Sunan Abu Dawood, 41:4917</ref><ref name="ReferenceB">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}, {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref>


Aisha sections
Intro  Early life  Personal life  Political career  Death  Views  See also  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

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Aisha::muhammad    Harvnb::title    First::islam    Author::aisha's    -link::islamic    Years::death

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Protection banner|main}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} {{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}}

‘Ā’ishah bint Abī Bakr (613/614 – 678 CE;<ref name=Siddiqui/> Arabic: عائشة‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} transliteration: ‘Ā’ishah [ʕaːʔiʃa], also transcribed as A'ishah, Aisyah, Ayesha, A'isha, Aishat, Aishah, or Aisha {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}<ref>"Aisha". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.</ref>) was one of Muhammad's wives.<ref name=spellberg3>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> In Islamic writings, her name is thus often prefixed by the title "Mother of the Believers" (Arabic: أمّ المؤمنين umm al-mu'minīn), per the description of Muhammad's wives in the Qur'an.<ref></ref><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name="Nabia"/>

Aisha had an important role in early Islamic history, both during Muhammad's life and after his death. In Sunni tradition, Aisha is thought to be scholarly and inquisitive. She contributed to the spread of Muhammad's message and served the Muslim community for 44 years after his death.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> She is also known for narrating 2210 hadiths,<ref>Islamyat: a core text for students</ref> not just on matters related to the Prophet's private life, but also on topics such as inheritance, pilgrimage, and eschatology.<ref name=Asma>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Her intellect and knowledge in various subjects, including poetry and medicine, were highly praised by early luminaries such as al-Zuhri and her student Urwa ibn al-Zubayr.<ref name=Asma />

Her father, Abu Bakr, became the first caliph to succeed Muhammad, and after two years was succeeded by Umar. During the time of the third caliph Uthman, Aisha had a leading part in the opposition that grew against him, though she did not agree either with those responsible for his assassination nor with the party of Ali.<ref name="Watt"/> During the reign of Ali, she wanted to avenge Uthman's death, which she attempted to do in the Battle of the Camel. She participated in the battle by giving speeches and leading troops on the back of her camel. She ended up losing the battle, but her involvement and determination left a lasting impression.<ref name="Nabia">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> Afterwards, she lived quietly in Medina for more than twenty years, took no part in politics, and became reconciled to Ali and did not oppose Mu'awiya.<ref name="Watt"/>

The majority of traditional hadith sources state that Aisha was married to Muhammad at the age of six or seven, but she stayed in her parents' home until the age of nine, or ten according to Ibn Hisham,<ref name=spellberg40>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> when the marriage was consummated with Muhammad, then 53, in Medina.<ref name=armstrong157>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name="ReferenceA">Sahih al-Bukhari, 5:58:234, 5:58:236, 7:62:64, 7:62:65, 7:62:88, Sahih Muslim, 8:3309, 8:3310, 8:3311, 41:4915, Sunan Abu Dawood, 41:4917</ref><ref name="ReferenceB">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}, {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref>


Aisha sections
Intro  Early life  Personal life  Political career  Death  Views  See also  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Early life
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