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{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} Fana Khusraw (Persian: فنا خسرو‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}‎), better known by his laqab of ʿAḍud al-Dawla (Arabic: عضد الدولة‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, "Pillar of the [Abbasid] Dynasty") (September 24, 936  – March 26, 983) was an emir of the Buyid dynasty, ruling wide parts of modern Iran and Iraq from 949 to 983. He is widely regarded as the greatest monarch of the dynasty, and by the end of his reign was one of the most powerful contemporary Muslim rulers.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}

The son of Rukn al-Dawla, Fana Khusraw was given the title of Adud al-Dawla by the Abbasid caliph in 948 when he was made emir of Fars after the death of his childless uncle Imad al-Dawla, after which Rukn al-Dawla became the senior emir of the Buyids. In 974 Adud al-Dawla was sent by his father to save his cousin Izz al-Dawla from a rebellion. After defeating the rebel forces, he claimed the emirate of Iraq for himself, and forced his cousin to abdicate. His father, however, became angered by this decision and restored Izz al-Dawla. After the death of Adud al-Dawla's father, his cousin rebelled against him, but was defeated. Adud al-Dawla became afterwards the sole ruler of the Buyid dynasty and assumed the Persian title Shahanshah ("King of Kings").{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}

When Adud al-Dawla became emir of Iraq, the capital city, Baghdad, was suffering from violence and instability owing to sectarian conflict. In order to bring peace and stability to the city, he ordered the banning of public demonstrations and polemics. At the same time, he patronized a number of Shi'a scholars such as al-Mufid, and sponsored the renovation of a number of important Shi'a shrines.

In addition, 'Adud al-Dawla is credited with sponsoring and patronizing other scientific projects during his time. An observatory was built by his orders in Isfahan where Azophi worked. Al-Muqaddasi also reports that he ordered the construction of a great dam between Shiraz and Estakhr in 960. The dam irrigated some 300 villages in Fars province and became known as Band-e Amir (port of the Amir). Among his other major constructions was the digging of the Haffar channel, that joined the Karun river to the Shatt al-Arab river (the confluence of the Tigris and the Euphrates). The port of Khorramshahr was built on the Haffar, at its joining point with the Shatt al-Arab.


'Adud al-Dawla sections
Intro  Early life  Reign   Administration and contributions    Family    Death and succession    Legacy    References    Sources   

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