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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=NPOV language |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} Abdullah ibn Abi Quhaafah (Arabic: عبد الله بن أبي قحافة{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, translit.: ʿAbd Allāh ibn Abī Quḥāfah), c. 573 CE – 23 August 634 CE, popularly known by his nickname Abu Bakr (أبو بكر{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}),<ref name=i4u>[1], from islam4theworld</ref> was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE, when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death.<ref name="brit">[2], from Encyclopædia Britannica</ref> As caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad. He was also commonly known as The Truthful (الصديق{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Al-Siddiq).<ref name="Campo">Juan Eduardo Campo, "Encyclopedia of Islam", Infobase Publishing, 2009 [3]</ref>

As a young man, Abu Bakr became a merchant and he travelled extensively in Arabia and neighboring lands in the Middle East, through which he gained both wealth and experience. He eventually came to be recognized as the chief of his clan.<ref name="autogenerated1991">The Middle East Journal by the Middle East Institute, Washington, D.C., published 1991</ref> On his return from a business trip to Yemen, he was informed that in his absence Muhammad had openly declared his prophethood. Not long after, Abu Bakr accepted Islam and was the first person outside the family of Muhammad to openly become a Muslim. He was instrumental in the conversion of many people to the Islamic faith<ref name="Ashraf">Shahid Ashraf, "Encyclopaedia of Holy Prophet and Companions", Anmol Publications PVT. LTD., 2004, ISBN 81-261-1940-3 [4]</ref> and early in 623, Abu Bakr's daughter Aisha was married to Muhammad, strengthening the ties between the two men.<ref name="Campo" />

Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor and was the father-in-law to Muhammad. During the lifetime of Muhammad, he was involved in several campaigns such as the Battle of Uhud, the Battle of the Trench, the Invasion of Banu Qurayza, Battle of Khaybar, the Conquest of Mecca, the Battle of Hunayn, the Siege of Ta'if and the Battle of Tabuk, where he was reported to have given all of his wealth for the preparation of this expedition.<ref name="Maghazi">Tabqat ibn al-Saad book of Maghazi, page no:62</ref> He also participated in the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and was made one of the witnesses over the pact.<ref name="Maghazi"/>

Abu Bakr's Caliphate lasted for a little over two years (or 27 months), ending with his death after an illness. Though the period of his caliphate was not long, it included successful invasions of the two most powerful empires of the time, a remarkable achievement in its own right. He set in motion a historical trajectory that in a few decades would create one of the largest empires in history.


Abu Bakr sections
Intro  Lineage and title  Early life  Migrations to Abyssinia, 615  Last years in Mecca  Migration to Medina  Death of Muhammad  Other Ahadith on the Virtues of Abu Bakr  Election of Abu Bakr to Caliphate  Reign as a Caliph  Death  Legacy  Hadith transmitted by him  See also  References   Further reading   External links  

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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=NPOV language |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} Abdullah ibn Abi Quhaafah (Arabic: عبد الله بن أبي قحافة{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, translit.: ʿAbd Allāh ibn Abī Quḥāfah), c. 573 CE – 23 August 634 CE, popularly known by his nickname Abu Bakr (أبو بكر{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}),<ref name=i4u>[1], from islam4theworld</ref> was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE, when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death.<ref name="brit">[2], from Encyclopædia Britannica</ref> As caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad. He was also commonly known as The Truthful (الصديق{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Al-Siddiq).<ref name="Campo">Juan Eduardo Campo, "Encyclopedia of Islam", Infobase Publishing, 2009 [3]</ref>

As a young man, Abu Bakr became a merchant and he travelled extensively in Arabia and neighboring lands in the Middle East, through which he gained both wealth and experience. He eventually came to be recognized as the chief of his clan.<ref name="autogenerated1991">The Middle East Journal by the Middle East Institute, Washington, D.C., published 1991</ref> On his return from a business trip to Yemen, he was informed that in his absence Muhammad had openly declared his prophethood. Not long after, Abu Bakr accepted Islam and was the first person outside the family of Muhammad to openly become a Muslim. He was instrumental in the conversion of many people to the Islamic faith<ref name="Ashraf">Shahid Ashraf, "Encyclopaedia of Holy Prophet and Companions", Anmol Publications PVT. LTD., 2004, ISBN 81-261-1940-3 [4]</ref> and early in 623, Abu Bakr's daughter Aisha was married to Muhammad, strengthening the ties between the two men.<ref name="Campo" />

Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor and was the father-in-law to Muhammad. During the lifetime of Muhammad, he was involved in several campaigns such as the Battle of Uhud, the Battle of the Trench, the Invasion of Banu Qurayza, Battle of Khaybar, the Conquest of Mecca, the Battle of Hunayn, the Siege of Ta'if and the Battle of Tabuk, where he was reported to have given all of his wealth for the preparation of this expedition.<ref name="Maghazi">Tabqat ibn al-Saad book of Maghazi, page no:62</ref> He also participated in the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and was made one of the witnesses over the pact.<ref name="Maghazi"/>

Abu Bakr's Caliphate lasted for a little over two years (or 27 months), ending with his death after an illness. Though the period of his caliphate was not long, it included successful invasions of the two most powerful empires of the time, a remarkable achievement in its own right. He set in motion a historical trajectory that in a few decades would create one of the largest empires in history.


Abu Bakr sections
Intro  Lineage and title  Early life  Migrations to Abyssinia, 615  Last years in Mecca  Migration to Medina  Death of Muhammad  Other Ahadith on the Virtues of Abu Bakr  Election of Abu Bakr to Caliphate  Reign as a Caliph  Death  Legacy  Hadith transmitted by him  See also  References   Further reading   External links  

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