::'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk


Boyer::first    Category::algebra    Logical::which    Title::iraqi    Mixed::solution    Found::al-ham

ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Turk (fl. 830), known also as ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Wase ibn Turk Jili was a ninth-century Turkic Muslim mathematician. Not much is known about his biography. The two records of him, one by Ibn Nadim and the other by al-Qifti are not identical. However al-Qifi mentions his name as ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Wase ibn Turk Jili. Jili means from Gilan.<ref>Ibn Turk in Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, Vol. 3, no. 1001, Tehran. To be translated in Encyclopædia islamica.</ref>

He wrote a work on algebra of which only a chapter called "Logical Necessities in Mixed Equations", on the solution of quadratic equations, has survived.

He authored a manuscript entitled Logical Necessities in Mixed Equations, which is very similar to al-Khwarzimi's Al-Jabr and was published at around the same time as, or even possibly earlier than, Al-Jabr.<ref name="Boyer Ibn Turk">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The manuscript gives exactly the same geometric demonstration as is found in Al-Jabr, and in one case the same example as found in Al-Jabr, and even goes beyond Al-Jabr by giving a geometric proof that if the discriminant is negative then the quadratic equation has no solution.<ref name="Boyer Ibn Turk" /> The similarity between these two works has led some historians to conclude that algebra may have been well developed by the time of al-Khwarizmi and 'Abd al-Hamid.<ref name="Boyer Ibn Turk" />

'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk sections
Intro   References   

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: References