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The Abd al-Kuri sparrow (Passer hemileucus) is a passerine bird endemic to the small island of Abd al Kuri (also spelled several other ways) in the Socotra archiplago of the Indian Ocean, off the Horn of Africa. Though this species was originally described as a distinct species, it is usually considered the same as the Socotra sparrow.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> A study by Guy Kirwan showed significant differences from the Socotra sparrow, and that the two sparrows might even have different origins.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> On the evidence that it is morphologically distinct, BirdLife International (and hence the IUCN Red List) recognised it as a species,<ref name=IUCN/><ref name="BirdLife">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and it was listed in the IOC World Bird List from December 2009.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It has a very restricted distribution, and a population of under 1,000 individuals, so despite not having any known threats it is considered a Vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List.<ref name=IUCN/><ref name="BirdLife"/>


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The Abd al-Kuri sparrow (Passer hemileucus) is a passerine bird endemic to the small island of Abd al Kuri (also spelled several other ways) in the Socotra archiplago of the Indian Ocean, off the Horn of Africa. Though this species was originally described as a distinct species, it is usually considered the same as the Socotra sparrow.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> A study by Guy Kirwan showed significant differences from the Socotra sparrow, and that the two sparrows might even have different origins.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> On the evidence that it is morphologically distinct, BirdLife International (and hence the IUCN Red List) recognised it as a species,<ref name=IUCN/><ref name="BirdLife">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and it was listed in the IOC World Bird List from December 2009.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It has a very restricted distribution, and a population of under 1,000 individuals, so despite not having any known threats it is considered a Vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List.<ref name=IUCN/><ref name="BirdLife"/>


Abd al-Kuri sparrow sections
Intro  References  

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