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Moho is a genus of extinct birds in the Hawaiian bird family, Mohoidae, that were endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Members of the genus are known as ōō in the Hawaiian language. Their plumage was generally striking glossy black; some species had yellowish axillary tufts and other black outer feathers. Most of these species became extinct by habitat loss and by extensive hunting because their plumage were used for the creation of precious ali (robes) and (capes) for [[ali'i|ali]] (Hawaiian nobility).<ref name=flannery>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The [[Kauaʻi ʻōʻō|Kaua ōō]] was the last species of this genus to become extinct, probably a victim of avian malaria.<ref name=fuller>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Until recently, the birds in this genus were thought to belong to the family Meliphagidae (honeyeaters) because they looked and acted so similar to members of that family, including many morphological details. A 2008 study argued, on the basis of a phylogenetic analysis of DNA from museum specimens, that the genera Moho and Chaetoptila do not belong to the Meliphagidae but instead belong to a group that includes the waxwings and the palmchat; they appear especially close to the silky-flycatchers. The authors proposed a family, Mohoidae, for these two extinct genera.<ref name="Fleischer 2008">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

The album O'o by jazz composer John Zorn, released in 2009, is named after these birds.


Moho (genus) sections
Intro  Taxonomy  References  Bibliography  External links  

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{{#invoke:Italic title|main}}

Moho is a genus of extinct birds in the Hawaiian bird family, Mohoidae, that were endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Members of the genus are known as ōō in the Hawaiian language. Their plumage was generally striking glossy black; some species had yellowish axillary tufts and other black outer feathers. Most of these species became extinct by habitat loss and by extensive hunting because their plumage were used for the creation of precious ali (robes) and (capes) for [[ali'i|ali]] (Hawaiian nobility).<ref name=flannery>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The [[Kauaʻi ʻōʻō|Kaua ōō]] was the last species of this genus to become extinct, probably a victim of avian malaria.<ref name=fuller>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Until recently, the birds in this genus were thought to belong to the family Meliphagidae (honeyeaters) because they looked and acted so similar to members of that family, including many morphological details. A 2008 study argued, on the basis of a phylogenetic analysis of DNA from museum specimens, that the genera Moho and Chaetoptila do not belong to the Meliphagidae but instead belong to a group that includes the waxwings and the palmchat; they appear especially close to the silky-flycatchers. The authors proposed a family, Mohoidae, for these two extinct genera.<ref name="Fleischer 2008">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

The album O'o by jazz composer John Zorn, released in 2009, is named after these birds.


Moho (genus) sections
Intro  Taxonomy  References  Bibliography  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Taxonomy
<<>>