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Deep plowing is a plowing to a depth greater than 50 cm (20 in) as compared to ordinary plowing which rarely exceeds 20 cm (8 in).<ref name="ssaj">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> The purpose of deep plowing is to modify the soil water retention characteristics over the long term.<ref name="ssaj"/> In one long term test, lasting 35 years, the mean annual grain yield was 2,800 lbs per acre (3,138 kg per ha) with deep plowing, which was 10% greater than the 2,550 lbs per acre (2,858 kg per ha) yield in unplowed plots.<ref name="ssaj"/>

There is a movement away from plowing altogether, and from deep plowing in particular.<ref name="nyt">http://www.nytimes.com/1998/04/05/us/deep-plowing-is-halted-by-many-to-protect-soil.html</ref> The theory is that this will stop the loss of topsoil, increase the organic content of soil and reduce runoff of fertilizer and pesticides into rivers.<ref name="nyt"/> Another part of the no-plowing theory is that ground moisture would be conserved; but this was shown to be incorrect by a 35-year study.<ref name="ssaj"/>


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Deep plowing is a plowing to a depth greater than 50 cm (20 in) as compared to ordinary plowing which rarely exceeds 20 cm (8 in).<ref name="ssaj">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> The purpose of deep plowing is to modify the soil water retention characteristics over the long term.<ref name="ssaj"/> In one long term test, lasting 35 years, the mean annual grain yield was 2,800 lbs per acre (3,138 kg per ha) with deep plowing, which was 10% greater than the 2,550 lbs per acre (2,858 kg per ha) yield in unplowed plots.<ref name="ssaj"/>

There is a movement away from plowing altogether, and from deep plowing in particular.<ref name="nyt">http://www.nytimes.com/1998/04/05/us/deep-plowing-is-halted-by-many-to-protect-soil.html</ref> The theory is that this will stop the loss of topsoil, increase the organic content of soil and reduce runoff of fertilizer and pesticides into rivers.<ref name="nyt"/> Another part of the no-plowing theory is that ground moisture would be conserved; but this was shown to be incorrect by a 35-year study.<ref name="ssaj"/>


Deep plowing sections
Intro  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: References
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