Actions

::The Geographical Pivot of History

::concepts



{{#invoke:Message box|ambox}}

The Geographical Pivot of History, sometimes simply as The Pivot of History is a geostrategic theory, also known as Heartland Theory.<ref name="ForreignAffairs">Charles Kruszewski, "The Pivot of History", Foreign Affairs, April 1954</ref> "The Geographical Pivot of History" was an article submitted by Halford John Mackinder in 1904 to the Royal Geographical Society that advanced his Heartland Theory.<ref name="MackinderHistory">Mackinder, H.J., "The Geographical Pivot of History", The Geographical Society, Vol. 23, No.4, (April 1904), 421-437</ref><ref name="MackinderDemocratic">Mackinder, H.J., Democratic Ideals and Reality. A Study in the Politics of Reconstruction, National Defense University Press, 1996, pp. 175–193</ref> In this article, Mackinder extended the scope of geopolitical analysis to encompass the entire globe.


The Geographical Pivot of History sections
Intro  The World-Island and the Heartland  Strategic importance of Eastern Europe  Influence of the theory on foreign and military policy   Influence of the theory on other geopolitical models   Historical tests of the theory  Criticism  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: The World-Island and the Heartland
<<>>

Power::soviet    Europe::theory    World::pivot    Which::control    History::germany    United::union

{{#invoke:Message box|ambox}}

The Geographical Pivot of History, sometimes simply as The Pivot of History is a geostrategic theory, also known as Heartland Theory.<ref name="ForreignAffairs">Charles Kruszewski, "The Pivot of History", Foreign Affairs, April 1954</ref> "The Geographical Pivot of History" was an article submitted by Halford John Mackinder in 1904 to the Royal Geographical Society that advanced his Heartland Theory.<ref name="MackinderHistory">Mackinder, H.J., "The Geographical Pivot of History", The Geographical Society, Vol. 23, No.4, (April 1904), 421-437</ref><ref name="MackinderDemocratic">Mackinder, H.J., Democratic Ideals and Reality. A Study in the Politics of Reconstruction, National Defense University Press, 1996, pp. 175–193</ref> In this article, Mackinder extended the scope of geopolitical analysis to encompass the entire globe.


The Geographical Pivot of History sections
Intro  The World-Island and the Heartland  Strategic importance of Eastern Europe  Influence of the theory on foreign and military policy   Influence of the theory on other geopolitical models   Historical tests of the theory  Criticism  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: The World-Island and the Heartland
<<>>