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::Post-war immigration to Australia

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Mr Arthur Calwell with the Kalnins family - the 50,000th New Australian- August 1949
In 1954 the 50,000th Dutch migrant arrived; Maria Scholte is to the right of the picture

Post-war immigration to Australia deals with migration to Australia since the end of World War 2. In the immediate aftermath of World War 2, Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (1945-1949), established the federal Department of Immigration to administer a large-scale immigration program. Chifley commissioned a report on the subject which found that Australia was in urgent need of a larger population for the purposes of defence and development and it recommended a 1% annual increase in population through increased immigration.<ref name = CAPrice>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

The first Minister for Immigration, Arthur Calwell, promoted mass immigration with the slogan "populate or perish".<ref name = ImmiTimeline>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Calwell coined the term "New Australians" in an effort to supplant such terms as pommy (Englishman) and wog.

The 1% target remained a part of government policy until the Whitlam Government (1972-1975), when immigration numbers were substantially cut back, only to be progressively restored by the Fraser Government (1975-1982).<ref name = CAPrice/>

Some 4.2 million immigrants arrived between 1945 and 1985, about 40 per cent of whom came from Britain and Ireland.<ref>Jan Bassett (1986) pp. 138–39</ref> By 2007, some 6.5 million people have migrated to Australia since 1945.<ref name = FactsImmi>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> This total comprises 3.35 million males and 3.15 million females. This represents a significant proportion of the overall population increase experienced by Australia in that time, having gone from 7 million in 1945 to the present total of over 23 million.<ref name="FactsImmi"/> 182,159 people were sponsored by the International Refugee Organisation (IRO) from the end of World War II up to the end of 1954 to resettle in Australia from Europe—more than the number of convicts transported to Australia in the first 80 years after European settlement.<ref name = 5thFleet>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Post-war immigration to Australia sections
Intro   \"Populate or perish\" policy   End to the White Australia policy    International agreements    Timeline    Settler arrivals by top 10 countries of birth    Migrant reception and training centres    Breakdown of arrivals by decade    Demography as at 2006 for non-English speaking ethnic groups    See also    References    External links   

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Mr Arthur Calwell with the Kalnins family - the 50,000th New Australian- August 1949
In 1954 the 50,000th Dutch migrant arrived; Maria Scholte is to the right of the picture

Post-war immigration to Australia deals with migration to Australia since the end of World War 2. In the immediate aftermath of World War 2, Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (1945-1949), established the federal Department of Immigration to administer a large-scale immigration program. Chifley commissioned a report on the subject which found that Australia was in urgent need of a larger population for the purposes of defence and development and it recommended a 1% annual increase in population through increased immigration.<ref name = CAPrice>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

The first Minister for Immigration, Arthur Calwell, promoted mass immigration with the slogan "populate or perish".<ref name = ImmiTimeline>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Calwell coined the term "New Australians" in an effort to supplant such terms as pommy (Englishman) and wog.

The 1% target remained a part of government policy until the Whitlam Government (1972-1975), when immigration numbers were substantially cut back, only to be progressively restored by the Fraser Government (1975-1982).<ref name = CAPrice/>

Some 4.2 million immigrants arrived between 1945 and 1985, about 40 per cent of whom came from Britain and Ireland.<ref>Jan Bassett (1986) pp. 138–39</ref> By 2007, some 6.5 million people have migrated to Australia since 1945.<ref name = FactsImmi>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> This total comprises 3.35 million males and 3.15 million females. This represents a significant proportion of the overall population increase experienced by Australia in that time, having gone from 7 million in 1945 to the present total of over 23 million.<ref name="FactsImmi"/> 182,159 people were sponsored by the International Refugee Organisation (IRO) from the end of World War II up to the end of 1954 to resettle in Australia from Europe—more than the number of convicts transported to Australia in the first 80 years after European settlement.<ref name = 5thFleet>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Post-war immigration to Australia sections
Intro   \"Populate or perish\" policy   End to the White Australia policy    International agreements    Timeline    Settler arrivals by top 10 countries of birth    Migrant reception and training centres    Breakdown of arrivals by decade    Demography as at 2006 for non-English speaking ethnic groups    See also    References    External links   

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: \"Populate or perish\" policy
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