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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}} None of the Above (NOTA), also known as "against all" or a "scratch" vote, is a ballot option in some jurisdictions or organizations, designed to allow the voter to indicate disapproval of all of the candidates in a voting system. It is based on the principle that consent requires the ability to withhold consent in an election, just as they can by voting no on ballot questions.

Entities that include "None of the Above" on ballots as standard procedure include India ("None of the above"), Greece (λευκό, white, but unrelated to a political party of the similarly sounding name-however it is symbolic only), the U.S. state of Nevada (None of These Candidates), Ukraine (Проти всіх), Spain (voto en blanco), and Colombia (voto en blanco). Russia had such an option on its ballots (Против всех) until it was abolished in 2006.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Bangladesh introduced this option (না ভোট) in 2008.<ref name=bd>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Pakistan introduced this option on ballot papers for the 2013 Pakistan elections but later the Election Commission of Pakistan rejected this.<ref name="tribune">http://tribune.com.pk/story/530557/none-of-the-above-vote-to-be-added-to-ballots-ecp/</ref>

When None of the Above is listed on a ballot, there is the possibility of NOTA receiving a majority or plurality of the vote, and so "winning" the election. In such a case, a variety of formal procedures may be invoked, including having the office remain vacant, having the office filled by appointment, re-opening nominations or holding another election (in a body operating under parliamentary procedure), or it may have no effect whatsoever, as in India and the US state of Nevada, where the next highest total wins regardless.


None of the above sections
Intro  Soviet Union  Spain  United States  India  United Kingdom  None of the Above candidates and parties in other countries  Procedures that function like \"none of the above\"  Cultural references  See also  References  External links  

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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}} None of the Above (NOTA), also known as "against all" or a "scratch" vote, is a ballot option in some jurisdictions or organizations, designed to allow the voter to indicate disapproval of all of the candidates in a voting system. It is based on the principle that consent requires the ability to withhold consent in an election, just as they can by voting no on ballot questions.

Entities that include "None of the Above" on ballots as standard procedure include India ("None of the above"), Greece (λευκό, white, but unrelated to a political party of the similarly sounding name-however it is symbolic only), the U.S. state of Nevada (None of These Candidates), Ukraine (Проти всіх), Spain (voto en blanco), and Colombia (voto en blanco). Russia had such an option on its ballots (Против всех) until it was abolished in 2006.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Bangladesh introduced this option (না ভোট) in 2008.<ref name=bd>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Pakistan introduced this option on ballot papers for the 2013 Pakistan elections but later the Election Commission of Pakistan rejected this.<ref name="tribune">http://tribune.com.pk/story/530557/none-of-the-above-vote-to-be-added-to-ballots-ecp/</ref>

When None of the Above is listed on a ballot, there is the possibility of NOTA receiving a majority or plurality of the vote, and so "winning" the election. In such a case, a variety of formal procedures may be invoked, including having the office remain vacant, having the office filled by appointment, re-opening nominations or holding another election (in a body operating under parliamentary procedure), or it may have no effect whatsoever, as in India and the US state of Nevada, where the next highest total wins regardless.


None of the above sections
Intro  Soviet Union  Spain  United States  India  United Kingdom  None of the Above candidates and parties in other countries  Procedures that function like \"none of the above\"  Cultural references  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Soviet Union
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