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"Nine Regrets" (traditional Chinese: 九懷{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; simplified Chinese: 九怀{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; pinyin: Jiǔ huái or Jiǔ Huái; literally: "nine regrets" or "nine Huai (verses)") is the 11th of the 17 major sections of the ancient Chinese poetry collection Chu ci, also known as The Songs of the South or The Songs of Chu. The "Nine Regrets" consists of nine verses plus an envoi (luan), each individually titled, written according to the Han Dynasty literary revival style based upon the earlier (pre-Han) pieces in the Chu ci anthology. The "Nine Regrets" is one of the several collections of poems grouped under the title of "Nine" something-or-others, which do not necessarily consist of 9 pieces of poetry. One of the older of them, Jiu ge ("Nine Songs") consists of 11 individual pieces: "nine" in antiquity was often used as a synonym for "many", and in the context of the Chu ci generally refers to a musical arrangement with "nine" modal changes. (Hawkes, 2011 [1985]: 36-37) The "Nine Regrets" poems are attributed to the Shu poet Wang Bao (Chinese: 王褒{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; pinyin: Wáng Bāo) who flourished during the reign of Emperor Xuan (r. 74 BCE – BCE 49). (Hawkes, 2011 [1985]: 269-270)


Nine Regrets sections
Intro  Title  Verse form  See also  References  

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"Nine Regrets" (traditional Chinese: 九懷{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; simplified Chinese: 九怀{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; pinyin: Jiǔ huái or Jiǔ Huái; literally: "nine regrets" or "nine Huai (verses)") is the 11th of the 17 major sections of the ancient Chinese poetry collection Chu ci, also known as The Songs of the South or The Songs of Chu. The "Nine Regrets" consists of nine verses plus an envoi (luan), each individually titled, written according to the Han Dynasty literary revival style based upon the earlier (pre-Han) pieces in the Chu ci anthology. The "Nine Regrets" is one of the several collections of poems grouped under the title of "Nine" something-or-others, which do not necessarily consist of 9 pieces of poetry. One of the older of them, Jiu ge ("Nine Songs") consists of 11 individual pieces: "nine" in antiquity was often used as a synonym for "many", and in the context of the Chu ci generally refers to a musical arrangement with "nine" modal changes. (Hawkes, 2011 [1985]: 36-37) The "Nine Regrets" poems are attributed to the Shu poet Wang Bao (Chinese: 王褒{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; pinyin: Wáng Bāo) who flourished during the reign of Emperor Xuan (r. 74 BCE – BCE 49). (Hawkes, 2011 [1985]: 269-270)


Nine Regrets sections
Intro  Title  Verse form  See also  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Title
<<>>