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Samuel Allen Theard (New Orleans, 10 October 1904 - 7 December 1982, Los Angeles), was a singer, song-writer, actor and comedian. He also performed as Lovin' Sam Theard and a variety of other names.

His first recordings, as Lovin' Sam from Down in 'Bam, accompanied by Tampa Red<ref name=all>Biography allmusic. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref> and Cow Cow Davenport, date from 1929, when he recorded one of his best-known songs, "(I'll Be Glad When You're Dead) You Rascal You", for Brunswick Records<ref name=otto>Fuchs, Otto (2011) Bill Haley: Father of Rock ‘n’ Roll, p. 118. Wagner Verlag at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref> in 1929 with Cow Cow Davenport,<ref>Wafe, Stephen (2012) The Beautiful Music All Around Us: Field Recordings and the American Experience, p. 382 (Google eBook). University of Illinois Press at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref> and which was covered by several artists.

He recorded for Brunswick from 1929 to 1931.<ref>Laird, Ross (2001) Brunswick records. 3. Chicago and regional sessions. Greenwood Publishing Group at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref>

In 1930, he also recorded for the Gennett label as Sam Tarpley,<ref name=all/> and for Decca in 1934 (backed by pianist Albert Ammons).<ref name=all/> In 1936, again for Decca, he recorded "New Rubbing On That Darned Old Thing", which would later be recorded by Grateful Dead as "The Rub".<ref name=otto/> In 1937, he recorded "Spo-Dee-O-Dee" for Vocalion, and a watered-down version for Decca in 1940.<ref name=larry/>

His last recording as Lovin’ Sam was for the Bluebird label in 1938.<ref name=larry>Birnbaum, Larry (2012) Before Elvis: The Prehistory of Rock 'n' Roll. Rowman & Littlefield at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref>

Using the name Spo-Dee-O-Dee, Theard performed as a comedian at the Apollo Theater in Harlem during the 1930s and '40s,<ref name=all/> and also recorded under that name in 1941.<ref name=larry/> Another well-known song, co-written with Louis Jordan, but credited to his wife, Fleecie Moore, was "Let the Good Times Roll",<ref name=otto/> written in 1942, which became a hit a few years later when Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five recorded it in 1946, one of many Theard compositions recorded by Jordan. Theard would later appear in Jordan's film Caldonia.<ref name=all/><ref>Clear, Rebecca D. (1993) Jazz on Film and Video in the Library of Congress Library of Congress at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref>

With Rudy Toombs he co-wrote “Hard Ridin’ Mama”, which was recorded by Wynonie Harris in 1947.<ref name=larry/>

He also sang on records recorded by Tiny Parham and trumpeter Hot Lips Page,<ref name=all/> possibly on Page’s “The Egg or the Hen” (1949), a song Theard may also have co-written.<ref name=larry/>

In 1950, he co-wrote, and recorded for Mercury Records, "Rock around the clock" with Hal Singer.<ref name=otto/>

Theard co-wrote several other songs, including "I've Been Around" with Henry Glover, and with the pianist Teddy Brannon, "If you see my baby", recorded by Count Basie in 1950.<ref name=larry/>

“Stormy Night Blues”, co-written with Henry Glover and Teddy Brannon was recorded by Wynonie Harris in 1950,<ref name=larry/> and the following year, Eddie “Cleanhead" Vinson recorded “Home Boy”, co-written with Brannon and Roy Eldridge recorded another Heard-Brannon composition, “Baby, What’s the matter with You?”<ref name=larry/>

In the last decade of his life he played in a few Hollywood television productions.<ref name=all/><ref>Spo-De-Odee at the Internet Movie Database</ref>


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Samuel Allen Theard (New Orleans, 10 October 1904 - 7 December 1982, Los Angeles), was a singer, song-writer, actor and comedian. He also performed as Lovin' Sam Theard and a variety of other names.

His first recordings, as Lovin' Sam from Down in 'Bam, accompanied by Tampa Red<ref name=all>Biography allmusic. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref> and Cow Cow Davenport, date from 1929, when he recorded one of his best-known songs, "(I'll Be Glad When You're Dead) You Rascal You", for Brunswick Records<ref name=otto>Fuchs, Otto (2011) Bill Haley: Father of Rock ‘n’ Roll, p. 118. Wagner Verlag at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref> in 1929 with Cow Cow Davenport,<ref>Wafe, Stephen (2012) The Beautiful Music All Around Us: Field Recordings and the American Experience, p. 382 (Google eBook). University of Illinois Press at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref> and which was covered by several artists.

He recorded for Brunswick from 1929 to 1931.<ref>Laird, Ross (2001) Brunswick records. 3. Chicago and regional sessions. Greenwood Publishing Group at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref>

In 1930, he also recorded for the Gennett label as Sam Tarpley,<ref name=all/> and for Decca in 1934 (backed by pianist Albert Ammons).<ref name=all/> In 1936, again for Decca, he recorded "New Rubbing On That Darned Old Thing", which would later be recorded by Grateful Dead as "The Rub".<ref name=otto/> In 1937, he recorded "Spo-Dee-O-Dee" for Vocalion, and a watered-down version for Decca in 1940.<ref name=larry/>

His last recording as Lovin’ Sam was for the Bluebird label in 1938.<ref name=larry>Birnbaum, Larry (2012) Before Elvis: The Prehistory of Rock 'n' Roll. Rowman & Littlefield at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref>

Using the name Spo-Dee-O-Dee, Theard performed as a comedian at the Apollo Theater in Harlem during the 1930s and '40s,<ref name=all/> and also recorded under that name in 1941.<ref name=larry/> Another well-known song, co-written with Louis Jordan, but credited to his wife, Fleecie Moore, was "Let the Good Times Roll",<ref name=otto/> written in 1942, which became a hit a few years later when Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five recorded it in 1946, one of many Theard compositions recorded by Jordan. Theard would later appear in Jordan's film Caldonia.<ref name=all/><ref>Clear, Rebecca D. (1993) Jazz on Film and Video in the Library of Congress Library of Congress at Google Books. Retrieved 7 May 2013.</ref>

With Rudy Toombs he co-wrote “Hard Ridin’ Mama”, which was recorded by Wynonie Harris in 1947.<ref name=larry/>

He also sang on records recorded by Tiny Parham and trumpeter Hot Lips Page,<ref name=all/> possibly on Page’s “The Egg or the Hen” (1949), a song Theard may also have co-written.<ref name=larry/>

In 1950, he co-wrote, and recorded for Mercury Records, "Rock around the clock" with Hal Singer.<ref name=otto/>

Theard co-wrote several other songs, including "I've Been Around" with Henry Glover, and with the pianist Teddy Brannon, "If you see my baby", recorded by Count Basie in 1950.<ref name=larry/>

“Stormy Night Blues”, co-written with Henry Glover and Teddy Brannon was recorded by Wynonie Harris in 1950,<ref name=larry/> and the following year, Eddie “Cleanhead" Vinson recorded “Home Boy”, co-written with Brannon and Roy Eldridge recorded another Heard-Brannon composition, “Baby, What’s the matter with You?”<ref name=larry/>

In the last decade of his life he played in a few Hollywood television productions.<ref name=all/><ref>Spo-De-Odee at the Internet Movie Database</ref>


Sam Theard sections
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