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The Jolly Roger of Calico Jack.<ref>Botting, p. 48, Konstam, The History of Pirates, p. 98.</ref>

John Rackham (26 December 1682 – 18 November 1720<ref name="rackhamtryals" />), commonly known as Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain operating in the Bahamas and in Cuba during the early 18th century. (Rackham is often spelled as Rackam or Rackum in historical documentation, and he is also often referred to as Jack Rackham.) His nickname was derived from the calico clothing that he wore, while Jack is a nickname for "John."

Rackham was active towards the end (1718–20) of the "Golden Age of Piracy" which lasted 1650 to 1730. He is most remembered for two things: the design of his Jolly Roger flag, a skull with crossed swords, which contributed to the popularization of the design, and for having two female crew members: Mary Read and his lover Anne Bonny.

Rackham deposed Charles Vane from his position as captain of the sloop Ranger, then cruised the Leeward Islands, Jamaica Channel, and Windward Passage. He accepted a pardon some time in 1719 and moved to New Providence, where he met Anne Bonny, who was married to James Bonny at the time. He returned to piracy in 1720 by stealing a British sloop, and Anne joined him. Their new crew included Mary Read, who was disguised as a man at the time. After a short run, Rackham was captured by pirate hunter Jonathan Barnet in 1720, and was hanged in November of that year in Port Royal, Jamaica.


Calico Jack sections
Intro  Early life and career  Captain Rackham  Anne Bonny  Capture, trial, and death  Fate of his crew  In popular culture  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Early life and career
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Rackham::bonny    English::sloop    Pirates::royal    Calico::charles    Jamaica::category    Their::executed

The Jolly Roger of Calico Jack.<ref>Botting, p. 48, Konstam, The History of Pirates, p. 98.</ref>

John Rackham (26 December 1682 – 18 November 1720<ref name="rackhamtryals" />), commonly known as Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain operating in the Bahamas and in Cuba during the early 18th century. (Rackham is often spelled as Rackam or Rackum in historical documentation, and he is also often referred to as Jack Rackham.) His nickname was derived from the calico clothing that he wore, while Jack is a nickname for "John."

Rackham was active towards the end (1718–20) of the "Golden Age of Piracy" which lasted 1650 to 1730. He is most remembered for two things: the design of his Jolly Roger flag, a skull with crossed swords, which contributed to the popularization of the design, and for having two female crew members: Mary Read and his lover Anne Bonny.

Rackham deposed Charles Vane from his position as captain of the sloop Ranger, then cruised the Leeward Islands, Jamaica Channel, and Windward Passage. He accepted a pardon some time in 1719 and moved to New Providence, where he met Anne Bonny, who was married to James Bonny at the time. He returned to piracy in 1720 by stealing a British sloop, and Anne joined him. Their new crew included Mary Read, who was disguised as a man at the time. After a short run, Rackham was captured by pirate hunter Jonathan Barnet in 1720, and was hanged in November of that year in Port Royal, Jamaica.


Calico Jack sections
Intro  Early life and career  Captain Rackham  Anne Bonny  Capture, trial, and death  Fate of his crew  In popular culture  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Early life and career
<<>>