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Francis Marion Smith (February 2, 1846 – August 27, 1931) (once known nationally and internationally as "Borax Smith" and "The Borax King" <ref>George Earlie Shankle "American nicknames; their origin and significance" 2nd Ed. 1955 pg. 417 ISBN 0-8242-0004-7, ISBN 978-0-8242-0004-6</ref><ref>Hildebrand, GH. (1982) Borax Pioneer: Francis Marion Smith. San Diego: Howell-North Books. p xiii ISBN 0-8310-7148-6</ref>) was an American miner, business magnate and civic builder in the Mojave Desert, the San Francisco Bay Area, and Oakland, California.

Frank Smith created the extensive interurban public transit Key System in Oakland, the East Bay, and San Francisco.


Francis Marion Smith sections
Intro   Early mining career   The Borax King  Last mining  Other accomplishments  Legacy  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Early mining career
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Smith::borax    Oakland::marion    Valley::category    Francis::death    Borax::railroad    Island::shelter

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}

Francis Marion Smith (February 2, 1846 – August 27, 1931) (once known nationally and internationally as "Borax Smith" and "The Borax King" <ref>George Earlie Shankle "American nicknames; their origin and significance" 2nd Ed. 1955 pg. 417 ISBN 0-8242-0004-7, ISBN 978-0-8242-0004-6</ref><ref>Hildebrand, GH. (1982) Borax Pioneer: Francis Marion Smith. San Diego: Howell-North Books. p xiii ISBN 0-8310-7148-6</ref>) was an American miner, business magnate and civic builder in the Mojave Desert, the San Francisco Bay Area, and Oakland, California.

Frank Smith created the extensive interurban public transit Key System in Oakland, the East Bay, and San Francisco.


Francis Marion Smith sections
Intro   Early mining career   The Borax King  Last mining  Other accomplishments  Legacy  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Early mining career
<<>>