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::Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet

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Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet
Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris.jpg
Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Travers Harris, 24 April 1944
Nickname(s) Bomber Harris, Butcher Harris
Born
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Died
Henley, Oxfordshire
Allegiance
Service/branch  British Army
 Royal Air Force
Years of service 1914–1946
Rank Marshal of the Royal Air Force
Commands held RAF Bomber Command
No. 5 Group RAF
No. 4 Group RAF
RAF Pembroke Dock
No. 210 Squadron RAF
No. 58 Squadron RAF
No. 45 Squadron RAF
No. 31 Squadron RAF
No. 50 Squadron RAF
No. 44 Squadron RAF
No. 191 Squadron RAF
Battles/wars First World War
Arab revolt in Palestine
Second World War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Air Force Cross
Mentioned in Despatches (2)
Order of Suvorov (USSR)
Distinguished Service Medal (United States)
Legion of Merit (United States)
Order of Polonia Restituta (Poland)
Order of the Southern Cross (Brazil)
Legion of Honour (France)
Croix de guerre (France)
Other work Manager of the South African Marine Corporation

Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Travers Harris, 1st Baronet GCBOBEAFC (13 April 1892 – 5 April 1984), commonly known as "Bomber" Harris by the press, and often within the RAF as "Butcher" Harris,Unknown extension tag "ref" was Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief (AOC-in-C) RAF Bomber Command during the latter half of the Second World War. In 1942, the British Cabinet agreed to the "area bombing" of German cities. Harris was tasked with implementing Churchill's policy and supported the development of tactics and technology to perform the task more effectively. Harris assisted British Chief of the Air Staff Marshal of the Royal Air Force Charles Portal in carrying out the United Kingdom's most devastating attacks against the German infrastructure and population, including the Bombing of Dresden.

In 1910, at the age of 17, Harris emigrated to Southern Rhodesia, but he returned to England in 1915 to fight in the European theatre of the First World War. He joined the Royal Flying Corps, with which he remained until the formation of the Royal Air Force in 1918, and he remained in the Air Force through the 1920s and 1930s, serving in India, Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, Palestine, and elsewhere. At the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, Harris took command of No. 5 Group RAF in England, and in February 1942 was appointed head of Bomber Command. He retained that position for the rest of the war. After the War Harris moved to South Africa where he managed the South African Marine Corporation.

Harris's continued preference for area bombing over precision targeting in the last year of the war remains controversial, partly because by this time many senior Allied air commanders thought it less effective and partly for the large number of civilian casualties and destruction this strategy caused in Continental Europe.


Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet sections
Intro  Early life  Military career  Family  Legacy  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Early life
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Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet
Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris.jpg
Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Travers Harris, 24 April 1944
Nickname(s) Bomber Harris, Butcher Harris
Born
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Died
Henley, Oxfordshire
Allegiance
Service/branch  British Army
 Royal Air Force
Years of service 1914–1946
Rank Marshal of the Royal Air Force
Commands held RAF Bomber Command
No. 5 Group RAF
No. 4 Group RAF
RAF Pembroke Dock
No. 210 Squadron RAF
No. 58 Squadron RAF
No. 45 Squadron RAF
No. 31 Squadron RAF
No. 50 Squadron RAF
No. 44 Squadron RAF
No. 191 Squadron RAF
Battles/wars First World War
Arab revolt in Palestine
Second World War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Air Force Cross
Mentioned in Despatches (2)
Order of Suvorov (USSR)
Distinguished Service Medal (United States)
Legion of Merit (United States)
Order of Polonia Restituta (Poland)
Order of the Southern Cross (Brazil)
Legion of Honour (France)
Croix de guerre (France)
Other work Manager of the South African Marine Corporation

Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Travers Harris, 1st Baronet GCBOBEAFC (13 April 1892 – 5 April 1984), commonly known as "Bomber" Harris by the press, and often within the RAF as "Butcher" Harris,Unknown extension tag "ref" was Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief (AOC-in-C) RAF Bomber Command during the latter half of the Second World War. In 1942, the British Cabinet agreed to the "area bombing" of German cities. Harris was tasked with implementing Churchill's policy and supported the development of tactics and technology to perform the task more effectively. Harris assisted British Chief of the Air Staff Marshal of the Royal Air Force Charles Portal in carrying out the United Kingdom's most devastating attacks against the German infrastructure and population, including the Bombing of Dresden.

In 1910, at the age of 17, Harris emigrated to Southern Rhodesia, but he returned to England in 1915 to fight in the European theatre of the First World War. He joined the Royal Flying Corps, with which he remained until the formation of the Royal Air Force in 1918, and he remained in the Air Force through the 1920s and 1930s, serving in India, Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, Palestine, and elsewhere. At the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, Harris took command of No. 5 Group RAF in England, and in February 1942 was appointed head of Bomber Command. He retained that position for the rest of the war. After the War Harris moved to South Africa where he managed the South African Marine Corporation.

Harris's continued preference for area bombing over precision targeting in the last year of the war remains controversial, partly because by this time many senior Allied air commanders thought it less effective and partly for the large number of civilian casualties and destruction this strategy caused in Continental Europe.


Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet sections
Intro  Early life  Military career  Family  Legacy  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Early life
<<>>