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::!Kung language

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Not to be confused with Ju language (Chadic) or Kung language (Cameroon).
!Kung
Ju
Northern Khoisan (obsolete)
Native to Namibia, Angola, Botswana, South Africa
Ethnicity !Kung people
Native speakers
16,000 ± 2,000 (2011)<ref name=Brenzinger>Brenzinger, Matthias (2011) "The twelve modern Khoisan languages." In Witzlack-Makarevich & Ernszt (eds.), Khoisan languages and linguistics: proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium, Riezlern / Kleinwalsertal (Research in Khoisan Studies 29). Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.</ref>
Kx'a
  • !Kung
Dialects
Western (North-Central)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
Glottolog juku1256Unknown extension tag "ref"
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

!Kung /ˈkʊŋ/ (!Xuun), also known as Ju,<ref>The term !Kung is typically used when considering the dialects to constitute a single language; Ju tends to be used when considering them as a language family. The term !Kung is also sometimes used for the northern or northern and western dialects, as opposed to the well documented Juǀʼhoansi in the southeast; however speakers of nearly all dialects call themselves !Xuun (!Kung).
Additional spellings of !Kung / !Xuun are ǃHu, ǃKhung, ǃKu, Kung, Qxü, ǃung, ǃXo, Xû, ǃXû, Xun, ǃXung, ǃXũũ, !Xun, ʗhũ: (Doke 1926), and additional spellings of Ju are Dzu, Juu, Zhu.</ref> is a dialect continuum (language complex) spoken in Namibia, Botswana, and Angola by the ǃKung people. Together with the ǂHoan language, it forms the proposed Kx'a language family. !Kung constituted one of the branches of the putative Khoisan language family, and was called Northern Khoisan in that scenario, but the unity of Khoisan has never been demonstrated and is suspected to be spurious. Nonetheless, the term "Khoisan" is widely retained as a convenience.<ref>Brown & Ogilvie, 2008, Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World, p 601</ref>

!Kung is famous for having a large number of clicks, such as the ǃ in its name, and has some of the most complex inventories of both consonants and vowels in the world. It also has tone. For a description, see Juǀʼhoansi. To pronounce !Xuun (pronounced

  1. REDIRECT
  • This is a redirect from a title that potentially could be expanded into a new article or other type of associated Wikipedia page. The topic described by this title is more detailed than what is currently provided on the target page, or section of that page. For more information follow the bold category link.
    • When the target page becomes too large, this redirect may be replaced with a page carved out of the target page. See also {{R to section}}, and when appropriate, use both together.
    • If the topic is not susceptible to a major expansion, then instead of this rcat, tag this redirect with {{R to section}} or {{R to list entry}} as applicable.
    • Do not replace links to this redirect with a link directly to the target page. in Western !Kung/!Xuun) one makes a click sound before the x sound (which is like a Scottish or German ch), followed by a long nasal u vowel with a high rising tone.<ref>For phonology and tones, see list of !Xun dialect names in Heine B. & Honken H. 2010. "The Kx'a Family: A New Khoisan Genealogy" Journal of Asian and African Studies (Tokyo), 79, p. 5–36. </ref>

!Kung language sections
Intro  Speakers  Varieties  Protolanguage  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Speakers
<<>>
Language::namibia    Click::khoisan    Angola::ekoka    Alveolar::district    Dialects::sekele    Northern::botswana

Not to be confused with Ju language (Chadic) or Kung language (Cameroon).
!Kung
Ju
Northern Khoisan (obsolete)
Native to Namibia, Angola, Botswana, South Africa
Ethnicity !Kung people
Native speakers
16,000 ± 2,000 (2011)<ref name=Brenzinger>Brenzinger, Matthias (2011) "The twelve modern Khoisan languages." In Witzlack-Makarevich & Ernszt (eds.), Khoisan languages and linguistics: proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium, Riezlern / Kleinwalsertal (Research in Khoisan Studies 29). Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.</ref>
Kx'a
  • !Kung
Dialects
Western (North-Central)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
Glottolog juku1256Unknown extension tag "ref"
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

!Kung /ˈkʊŋ/ (!Xuun), also known as Ju,<ref>The term !Kung is typically used when considering the dialects to constitute a single language; Ju tends to be used when considering them as a language family. The term !Kung is also sometimes used for the northern or northern and western dialects, as opposed to the well documented Juǀʼhoansi in the southeast; however speakers of nearly all dialects call themselves !Xuun (!Kung).
Additional spellings of !Kung / !Xuun are ǃHu, ǃKhung, ǃKu, Kung, Qxü, ǃung, ǃXo, Xû, ǃXû, Xun, ǃXung, ǃXũũ, !Xun, ʗhũ: (Doke 1926), and additional spellings of Ju are Dzu, Juu, Zhu.</ref> is a dialect continuum (language complex) spoken in Namibia, Botswana, and Angola by the ǃKung people. Together with the ǂHoan language, it forms the proposed Kx'a language family. !Kung constituted one of the branches of the putative Khoisan language family, and was called Northern Khoisan in that scenario, but the unity of Khoisan has never been demonstrated and is suspected to be spurious. Nonetheless, the term "Khoisan" is widely retained as a convenience.<ref>Brown & Ogilvie, 2008, Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World, p 601</ref>

!Kung is famous for having a large number of clicks, such as the ǃ in its name, and has some of the most complex inventories of both consonants and vowels in the world. It also has tone. For a description, see Juǀʼhoansi. To pronounce !Xuun (pronounced

  1. REDIRECT
  • This is a redirect from a title that potentially could be expanded into a new article or other type of associated Wikipedia page. The topic described by this title is more detailed than what is currently provided on the target page, or section of that page. For more information follow the bold category link.
    • When the target page becomes too large, this redirect may be replaced with a page carved out of the target page. See also {{R to section}}, and when appropriate, use both together.
    • If the topic is not susceptible to a major expansion, then instead of this rcat, tag this redirect with {{R to section}} or {{R to list entry}} as applicable.
    • Do not replace links to this redirect with a link directly to the target page. in Western !Kung/!Xuun) one makes a click sound before the x sound (which is like a Scottish or German ch), followed by a long nasal u vowel with a high rising tone.<ref>For phonology and tones, see list of !Xun dialect names in Heine B. & Honken H. 2010. "The Kx'a Family: A New Khoisan Genealogy" Journal of Asian and African Studies (Tokyo), 79, p. 5–36. </ref>

!Kung language sections
Intro  Speakers  Varieties  Protolanguage  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Speakers
<<>>